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Saturday, September 24, 2016

Nigeria Road Traffic Signs and their Meanings (Information and Pictures)


Road traffic signs are signs that are erected by the side of the road, or above the road to inform or give instructions to road users. We are all road users, and a thorough understanding of these signs will make our usage and interaction with highway facilities safer, and more convenient. On the contrary, lack of knowledge of traffic signs can mean incompetency and disobedience to traffic regulations. This may result to your vehicle being impounded,
and/or you being fined by officers, and in the worst case, highway crash.


In Nigeria, whenever Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) Marshals are on highway patrol, penalty tickets often issued that are related to lack of road signs knowledge, and their penalties are briefly highlighted below;

1. Construction Area Speed Limit Violation (CAV) - Fine = N3,000 - 3 Penalty points
2. Light/Sign Violation (LSV) - Fine = N2,000 - 2 penalty points
3. Road Marking Violation (RMV) - Fine = N5,000 - 5 penalty points
4. Route Violation (RTV) - Fine = N10,000 - 10 penalty points
5. Speed Limit Violation (SLV) - Fine = N5,000 - 5 penalty points
6. Unauthorized Tampering / Removal of Road Signs (UTS) - Fine = N5,000 - 5 penalty points
7. Wrongful Overtaking (WOV) - Fine = N3,000 - 3 penalty points
8. Other offenses / Violations (OFV) - Fine = N3,000 - 2 penalty points

Penalty points are points that allotted to traffic offenses accumulated in a driver's record. The implications of such penalty points are given below;
- Warning (10 - 14 penalty points)
- Suspension of licence (15 - 20 penalty points)
- Withdrawal of licence (21 and above penalty points)
Nigeria road traffic signs are divided into the following categories;

A. Warning Signs - Warning signs are usually triangular in shape, with yellow or white background, black inscription, and red border. Another variety is the 'Give Way' or 'Yield' sign, which is an upside down triangle. As the name implies, it is a sign that warns of you about what is ahead, or instructional warning about a certain situation.

B. Regulatory Signs - Regulatory signs can be prohibitive, or mandatory.
(i) Regulatory Signs (Prohibitive): These signs are usually circular in shape with yellow or white background, black inscription, and red border. Another variety is the STOP sign, which is octagonal in shape. The stop signs requires that you stop your vehicle completely whenever you see it. Generally, prohibitive signs give instructions that are prohibitive in nature.
(ii) Regulatory Signs (Mandatory): Regulatory signs are usually circular with blue background, white inscription, and sometimes with white border. They give positive instructions.

C. Informative Signs : These signs are usually rectangular in shape with green background, and provide guidance or information while on the highway.
Now these signs are shown in full below. All traffic signs are labelled at the bottom.

A. WARNING SIGNS 

FIG A1: YIELD EVERY RIGHT OF WAY. GIVE WAY TO TRAFFIC ON YOUR RIGHT OR TRAFFIC ON YOUR LEFT

FIG A2: ROUNDABOUT

FIG A3: NARROW BRIDGE

FIG A4: CARRIAGEWAY NARROWS

FIG A5: Y - JUNCTION

FIG A6: INTERSECTION WITH MINOR ROAD
And many more ...

B. REGULATORY SIGNS (PROHIBITORY)
 

FIG B1: NO ENTRY FOR VEHICLES

FIG B2: STOP AT INTERSECTION

FIG B3: SPEED LIMIT (MAXIMUM)

FIG B4: NO PARKING

FIG B5: NO U-TURN

FIG B6: POLICE CHECK POINT - STOP

FIG B7: NO ENTRY FOR VEHICLES EXCEEDING 3m HEIGHT

FIG B9: NO ENTRANCE FOR LORRIES
And many more ...

C. REGULATORY SIGNS (MANDATORY)
 
FIG C1: DIVERSION / ONE WAY

FIG C2: SPEED LIMIT (MINIMUM)

FIG C3: FORWARD - ONE DIRECTION

FIG C4: TWO WAY

FIG C5: 4-LANE 2-WAY DIVIDED HIGHWAY

FIG C6: GIVE PRIORITY TO APPROACHING VEHICLE

FIG C7: ROUNDABOUT

And many more ....


D. INFORMATIVE SIGNS
 
FIG D1: ROUTE ASSURANCE SIGN (Minna 25 km)

FIG D2: PLACE NAME (Oworonshoki)

FIG D3: ADVANCE DIRECTION SIGN

FIG D4: DIRECTION TO AIRPORT

FIG D5: HOSPITAL

FIG D6: FILLING STATION

FIG D7: MECHANICAL HELP
And many more...

TRAFFIC LIGHTS/SIGNALS
These are electronic light signalling devices used to control traffic flow at intersections to avoid conflict of vehicles. The basic signals are shown in the pictures below.

TO DOWNLOAD ALL NIGERIAN ROAD SIGNS (A FULL PAPER) IN A PRINTABLE FORMAT, CLICK HERE
 
This post is dedicated to members of NYSC Federal Road Safety Club (Batch 'B' 2015 and Batch 'A' 2016), Ikot Ekpene L.G.A., Akwa Ibom State, and the FRSC Marshals at RS 6.32 Ikot Ekpene Unit Command. God bless you all for your efforts in preaching the message of safety.

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